Blood pressure is typically recorded as two numbers: 120/76 mmHG. The top number, known as systolic pressure, measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts (beats). The bottom number, known as diastolic pressure, measures the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats (when the heart muscle is resting and refilling with blood). High blood pressure, or hypertension, typically develops over many years. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. Let’s explore hypertension a bit further.

What Is Hypertension?

Hypertension is high blood pressure. Blood pressure lower than or equal to 120/80 is ideal. If your pressure is consistently high, this typically results in a diagnosis of hypertension. If not treated, hypertension can potentially lead to heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.

What Are the Symptoms?

You can have high blood pressure for years without any symptoms. It is considered a silent condition. That’s why it’s important to have regular checks.

How Do I Prevent or Control Hypertension?

  • Check your blood pressure. Keep a notebook of your daily measures to discuss with your primary care physician.
  • Eat right and exercise. Losing weight, getting fit, and eating healthier is a step in the right direction.
  • Relax. Take time for yourself daily.
  • Do not smoke. Smoking can lead to many serious illnesses, including hypertension.
  • See your doctor. If you have high blood pressure, schedule regular appointments with your primary care physician.


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This information is for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be an exhaustive examination of the subject matter nor a substitute for medical advice. Always consult your primary care physician or healthcare provider before beginning any diet or exercise program.